IN THE NEWS:
Lt. Col. John Glenn Jr. becomes the first American in orbit when he circles the earth three times in the Mercury capsule Friendship 7. The U.S. spacecraft Ranger 3 goes off course, missing the moon by 20,000 miles and Ranger 4 crashes on the moon's dark side. Telstar, the first telecommunications satellite, is put into orbit and the its signals are beamed from the US to France. The spacecraft Mariner II is launched towards Venus, sends back the 1st close-up pictures of the planet and reveals the existence of solar "winds". Russia launches the first unmanned spacecraft to Mars. Sun, Moon, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter & Saturn within 16º.
Cuban Missile Crisis occurs when Soviet offensive missile build-up is discovered. Crisis averted when President Kennedy and Soviet Premier Krushchev reach an agreement to remove missiles. Burundi, Jamaica, Western Samoa, Uganda, Algeria and Trinidad and Tobago become independent. The US commitment to Vietnam grows as troop strength increases to 8,000 men and US begins spraying foliage in Vietnam with Agent Orange to reveal Viet Cong guerrillas. Us troops also sent to Thailand and Laos.
US GDP (1998 dollars): $585.2 billion; Federal spending: $106.82 billion; Federal debt: $302.9 billion Consumer Price Index: 30.2; Unemployment: 6.7%; Cost of a first-class stamp: $0.04; US Population: 186,537,737
Gary Powers is released in exchange for a Russian spy. Adolf Eichmann is executed for Nazi war crimes. Linus Pauling wins the Nobel Peace Prize for his campaign against atmospheric nuclear testing. James H. Meredith, escorted by federal marshals, registers at University of Mississippi. William Faulkner, Ernie Kovacs, Eleanor Roosevelt die. Edward M Kennedy 1st elected Senator (D-MA)
IN THE ARTS:
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